Peanut planting is peeling or planting with shells, in fact, there are two methods, but the characteristics of these two methods of peanut planting are different, and the suitable areas are also different. Below are the pros and cons of growing peanuts with or without shells.
The characteristics of planting after peeling peanuts
Peanut peeling and planting, after removing the peanut shell, is the method of peanut planting. Hulled seeds can improve the germination potential and germination rate of the seeds, and at the same time, it is cheaper to manage the field, and to do a good job of water and fertilizer management according to the situation of the seedlings, laying the foundation for the high yield of peanuts. But shelling Peanut shelling should not be too early. Because the peeled seeds are easy to absorb water, enhance respiration, speed up the activity of enzymes, promote the transformation of substances, consume a lot of nutrients, and reduce the germination ability. Therefore, the shelling time of peanuts is as close as possible to the sowing date.
Characteristics of Peanut Planting with Shell
Planting with shells means that peanuts do not need to be shelled and are planted directly in the soil. First, sowing peanuts with shells can reduce the labor for shelling, and the peanut shells can protect the peanut kernels and enhance the drought and cold resistance of the seeds. , moisture resistance, air permeability, improve the emergence rate, and the peanut shell itself contains nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, and a variety of mineral elements, which has a certain promotion effect on seed germination and robust growth in the seedling stage. With the protection of peanut shells, the occurrence of pests and diseases in the seedling stage of peanuts is relatively light. Sowing peanuts with shells is an important and feasible measure to prevent drought and cold, especially suitable for sowing in early spring when low temperatures and drought often occur.
Tips for peanut planting
Drying the fruit before sowing can increase the post-ripening of the seeds, break the dormancy of the seeds, promote the activity of enzymes, facilitate the transformation of nutrients in the seeds, and improve the viability of the seeds; drying the fruits can dry the seeds and enhance the permeability of the seed coat It can improve the osmotic pressure of the seeds, enhance the water absorption capacity, and promote the germination and germination of the seeds, especially for the seeds with poor maturity and moisture during storage. The soil should be loose, neutral acidity, loamy or sandy loam with good drainage and fertility characteristics.